Web Development

What do we mean by Web Development?

Web development, also known as web programming, denotes the steps used to make websites for hosting services either through the internet or intranet. A complete web design and development service cover web design, web content development, network security configuration, and server-side scripting.

Web development is a programming or coding method that manages website functionality as the owner desires. It focuses on non-design sides of the website configuration. It also includes coding and writing make up.

Website development has a wide range of functionality. From creating plain text pages to web-based apps, and social network applications to the electronic business application, all lies under its umbrella.

The central dogma of web development

As we already know that web development revolves around communication and data exchange, both parties work together in this communication between server and client.

server

Server

As the name suggests, the server serves the web pages as per the client/end-users demands. A server can be static or dynamic.
target

Client

It is the party that sends requests to the pages from the server to display them at the end user’s side. Generally, a web browser is a client program.
static

Static server

Static server, also known as the stack, comprises of a hardware (computer) and an HTTP server. As it sends its hosted files as they appear in our browser, we call it static.
dynamic

Dynamic Server

A dynamic server encompasses a static web server and extra software. Mostly, this server is an application server and a database. We call it a Dynamic server because the application server in it processes the hosted files and updates them before it sends them to our browser through the HTTP server.

How does it Work

So, here is a simple step by step guide to explain the mechanism of web development.

  • The user goes to his web browser and opens it
  • He starts browsing on it. (for example https://devboattech.com)
  • The client requests the server to access their web page.
  • After acknowledging the request, the server then responses back to the client program. (the server sends an access link to the web page.
  • The client receives that page source and renders it. (into a viewable stable website)
  • Now, the user types whatever he wants to search into the search bar.
  • The client program sends this data to the server.
  • After processing that data, the server responses back with a relevant search result.
  • The client program restores it from the viewer’s display
  • The viewer receives access to the link he requested.

Web Development Hierarchy

Web development involves many steps. Few major ones are as follows:

Client-side Coding

It deals with the interface the user comes across while working on the website. Mostly, it is a browser. It involves any scripting languages, for instance, JavaScript, etc. One can also use Flash instead of VBScript or JavaScript.

Client-side coding performs the following functions.

  • Sends a request to the server
  • Fetches data from the server
  • Deals with the local storage
  • Designs interactive web pages
  • Acts as a coordinator between user and server
  • Offers remote access to the client-server program

As mentioned earlier, a web design and development company uses the following client-side scripting languages.

  • JavaScript
  • VBScript
  • CSS
  • HTML
  • AJAX
  • jQuery

Server-side Coding

This type of coding displays various forms of data when needed. Websites gather data from a database that is present on a server. Data is fetched through some code, for instance, HTML and JavaScript. Many large scale websites adopt this method.

Server-side coding allows design website content as per the individual’s demands. This method is easy to use as it stores personal preferences and data. For instance, it keeps your credit card information for future use.

It also allows interactions with other users by sending them updates through emails or other channels. So, it is a helpful method to develop a deep engagement with users.

Database Technologies

This technology gathers, stores, and organizes information that enables its users to go back to the details they search.

The type of database technology you choose must be able to grow as the size of the data increases. It also decides how it will interact with any software to search the query you enter.

Comparison of Front-end and Back-end Development

Usually, the field of web development comprises of two major types, i.e.
1. Front-End Development
2. Back-end Development

Front-end Development

It takes care of design, layout, and interactivity. Developers use JavaScript, HTML, and CSS languages to develop this. Front end developers take an idea and bring it to reality. What a user sees, and what a user operates, for example, visual aspects of the website, texts, and drop-down menus, all structured by the front-end developers. To do so, they perform a series of functions to connect all the elements. They make sure that these operations work in coherence to impart an engaging look to the website layout. A browser handles all such programs.

Our team of front-end developers at devboat technologies covers all of these aspects while designing the front end of a website.

html-5

HTML

Short for HyperText Markup Language, is a code web that developers use to ‘mark up’ text and turn it into a web page. This language is the backbone of every web application because, on the internet, every page is in HTML.
css

CSS

Short for cascading style sheets, is a code that sets style rules for the presentation of the web pages. The cosmetic side of the website runs through this language.
javascript

JavaScript

It is a scripting language that adds functionality and interactivity to the web pages.

Back-end Development

It is the area where behind the scene action takes place. The back-end developers take care of the functions linked with the front end, but a user cannot see them.

It is the zone where are all the blueprints of the front-end reside.

Three pillars of the smooth front-end operation are:

  • A server that hosts the website
  • An application to run it
  • Database that contains the data

For back-end scripts, many different coding languages and frameworks that developers use, are as follows:

  • PHP
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Java
  • Python
  • ASP.NET

Developers at a web design and development company keep this thing into account that the application runs smoothly and keep the server and database together.

Full-stack Development

This type of web development takes care of both the front-end and back-end tasks.

Full-stack development encompasses the following:

  • Building a site back-end using any programming language.
  • Using front-end frameworks
  • Managing various application deployment and putting the projects on servers.
  • Performing sysadmin tasks.
  • Running SQL queries on the database.

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